Slovin – the old town

­The distant past of the residents in this area is unexplored and unknown.
Historians derive the name Slunj from the word "Slovin". Some say that Slunj was bulit by the Croatian king Zvon­imir, but its name is mentioned already during the early feudal system in the 12th century. The Ottomans have attacked the fortified city and the town of Slunj over 13 times, but succeeded to get in for the first time in 1578, to pillage and devastate it. The new Frankopan town of Slunj (today the remnants are called Gradina) was built on a strategically conveniant location, on a stone hill on the peninsula in the Slunjčica river. Many historians claim that Slunj was built in a form of an irregular hexagon, surrounded by walls with four half towers, so it could defend itself from all sides.

 

The Marmonte Magazine

The French rule was an interesting period for Rastoke and Slunj, being the eastern border part of Napoleon's empire.
Although Napoleon's wars were primarily those of conquest, they also contributed to spreading new, progressive ideas of the French Revolution, such as to eliminate the feudal and church privileges, promoting equal rights for all citizens in courts, respecting every nation and introducing native language in schools and everyday life, liberalisation of trade, introducing basic democratic rules in public offices, civil marriage, freedom of denomination.
The French were known to have experts in road and bridges construction, and building grain silos, which they needed during the war, to feed and hire the impoverished people.
The Napoleon Magazine was built in Slunj in the 19th century.
His army used it to store food and weapons.

 

litografija 

 

Gradina

The name "Kordun" originates from the time of French rule. Slunj was under the protection of the Frankopans, a family from the island of Krk, and was safe until the 16th century, i.e. until the Ottomans started pillaging and incinerating the area. The fort on the right bank of the river Slunjčica and the town on the left bank were connected with a bridge, and in some of the later documents they are mentioned under one name: "the town of Slunj". In the 15th century, the fortified town of Slunj and its surrounding estates was sold to the Zrinski family, but eventually again fell under the rule of Frankopan line, of which Juraj Frankopan is well known for participation in the Parliament on Cetin.

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